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A young pigeon with puffed-up plumage suffering from YBS

Visible first signs of illness: puffed-up plumage, lack of activity, tired looking.

Droppings of an ill bild

Faeces of an ill bird: soft, but formed dropping, greenish-yellow, in a mucous-foamy puddle.

Specific infectious diseases


Young Bird Sickness


Young bird sickness has spread rapidly around the world in recent years, causing severe losses among young birds.

Pathogen:
This is a mixed infection, involving viruses and bacteria (especially E.coli and cocci, but also protozoa).
The pathogens are transmitted by air, dust and contact between birds, as well as via communal drinking water and feed.
Outbreaks of the disease are promoted by stress factors such as weaning, the introduction of strange birds into a loft, vaccination, heat (accelerated bacterial growth, water shortage), training of juveniles (basketing) and young pigeon flights.

Symptoms of the disease:
The disease can take two forms:

Sudden death not preceded by any perceptible signs of illness:
A typical scenario sees young pigeons released from the loft for their daily training (on a hot summer’s day, perhaps), whereupon they fly around for an hour and then return to the loft. They land on the roof or on the alighting ledge, do not respond to the breeder’s attempts to entice them into the loft, and die within the space of a few hours.

Death preceded by visible signs of illness:
During the period between the onset of symptoms and death (lasting from 3 days to 1 week), the following symptoms are observed: lack of activity, puffed-up plumage, refusal of feed, swelling of the crop, weight loss, greenish-yellow faeces in puddles, vomiting.

Recognition of the disease:
Owing to the numerous pathogens involved in this disease, it is only possible to make a tentative diagnosis.

Similar conditions:
E.coli infection, Hexamitiasis.

Treatment:
There is no vaccine against young pigeon disease that could be used to prevent infection. However, sick pigeons can be treated with adenosan. And timely use of adenosan may also prevent an outbreak of the disease in birds suspected of infection.

  1. adenosan is used:
    • For at least 7 days at the first symptoms of young pigeon disease.
      If the disease is only recognised at a later stage, it is additionally necessary to use a chemotherapeutic agent with antibiotic activity (preferably furazolidon-t) in order to contain the bacterial infection. The active ingredient furazolidone has been shown to possess specific efficacy against E.coli infections in the gut.
  2. adenosan is used in the following situations, where there is reason to fear infection as a result of contact with other young pigeons:
    • For a 7-day period when introducing new youngsters to the flock.
    • During the flying season, for 3 days after flights.
  3. adenosan is used when a disease outbreak is likely as a result of a challenge to the immune system:
    • In connection with vaccinations (paramyxovirus infection, Salmonella, pigeon pox) - for 3 days before immunisation and 4 days thereafter.
  4. adenosan is used where a change in gut flora predisposes birds to a disease outbreak.
    • When treating birds for trichomonads, we recommend parallel administration of adenosan over a period of 7 days, beginning 3 days prior to treatment.

Young Bird Sickness - Treatment plan for the application of adenosan

Duration of treatment Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4
Day 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28
Breeder’s check list                                                        
notwendig adenosan feed notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig                                          
notwendig livimun® drinking water notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig                                          
hilfreich multivitamin EB12 drinking water                             hilfreich                          
notwendig liviferm drinking water                 notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig                              
notwendig desinfectans disinfection notwendig             notwendig                                        

notwendig necessary treatment
hilfreich optional back-up treatment

Young Bird Sickness - Table of requirements for the flock

Product and
duration of treatment
Dosage Total requirements for 100 pigeons
(entire treatment period)
notwendig adenosan
7 days
2 sachets on to the daily
feed ration for 40 pigeons
sachets
packages
35
3
notwendig livimun®
7 days
20 ml per 2 litres
or
the daily feed ration
of 40 pigeons
ml

bottles
350

2
hilfreich multivitamin EB12
1 day
1 sachet per 2 litres
or
2 caps. per pigeon
and day
sachets
packages
capsules
packages
2 ½
1
200
2
notwendig liviferm
5 days
1 sachet per 2 litres
or
1 caps. per pigeon
and day
sachets
packages
capsules
packages
12 ½
2
500
5

Administration of adenosan via the feed:

Moisten the daily feed ration for 40 pigeons with approximately 20 ml (= 2 spoons) of water, then sprinkle 2 sachets of adenosan on to the feed and mix thoroughly to ensure even distribution.

chevita GmbH chevita - Requirement calculation: Treatment with adenosan
How many pigeons are to be treated?

Young Bird Sickness aggravated by an E.coli infection

Treatment plan for the application of adenosan and furazolidon-t

Duration of treatment Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4
Day 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28
Breeder’s check list                                                        
notwendig adenosan feed notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig                                          
notwendig livimun® drinking water notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig                                          
notwendig furazolidon-t drinking water or feed       notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig                                        
hilfreich multivitamin EB12 drinking water                             hilfreich                          
notwendig liviferm drinking water                 notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig                              
notwendig desinfectans disinfection notwendig             notwendig                                        

notwendig necessary treatment
hilfreich optional back-up treatment

Young Bird Sickness aggravated by E.coli - Table of requirements for the flock

Product and
duration of treatment
Dosage Total requirements for 100 pigeons
(entire treatment period)
notwendig adenosan
7 days
2 sachets on to the daily
feed ration for 40 pigeons
sachets
packages
35
3
notwendig livimun®
7 days
20 ml per 2 litres
or
the daily feed ration
of 40 pigeons
ml

bottles
350

2
notwendig furazolidon-t
5 days
1 sachet per 2 litres
or
1 caps. per pigeon
and day
sachets
packages
capsules
packages
12 ½
2
500
5
hilfreich multivitamin EB12
1 day
1 sachet per 2 litres
or
2 caps. per pigeon
and day
sachets
packages
capsules
packages
2 ½
1
200
2
notwendig liviferm
5 days
1 sachet per 2 litres
or
1 caps. per pigeon
and day
sachets
packages
capsules
packages
12 ½
2
500
5

Administration of adenosan via the feed:

Moisten the daily feed ration for 40 pigeons with approximately 20 ml (= 2 spoons) of water, then sprinkle 2 sachets of adenosan on to the feed and mix thoroughly to ensure even distribution.

chevita GmbH chevita - Requirement calculation: Treatment with adenosan and furazolidon-t
How many pigeons are to be treated?

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