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Pigeon showing manifest signs of disease

Pigeon showing manifest signs of disease with pronounced impairment of its general condition: The ruffled plumage, drawn-up back and lowered tail indicate pain in the abdominal aera.

Diseases of the digestive tract


E.coli infection


Alongside salmonellae, Escherichia coli are among the most frequent causes of bacterial enteropathies in pigeons.

Pathogen:
E.coli is part of the normal gut flora of humans and warm-blooded animals. Coli bacteria excreted in the faeces can survive in the environment for many months, maintaining their ability to multiply. Coli bacteria enter the digestive tract or respiratory organs - and even the air sacs - with contaminated feed or water, or alternatively with respiratory air, enveloped in dust particles.

Course of the disease:
Profuse multiplication of pathogenic E.coli bacteria rapidly results in severe enteritis, which in turn leads to considerable loss of water and electrolytes. Pathogenic coli bacteria can also enter the bloodstream and colonise individual organs. The result is a systemic disorder, known as colisepticaemia, which after an acute course can end in death either within a few hours or only after several days.

Symptoms of the disease:
The clinical picture is characterised by typical signs of a systemic disorder, such as listlessness, refusal of feed, increased water uptake and onset of emaciation. The respiratory tract may also be involved, especially the air sacs. Recognition of the disease: Bacteriological examination of organ samples. Examination must take place within 24 hours of the pigeon dying, since normal enteric coli bacteria can rapidly colonise the organs of the dead bird and thus make it difficult to demonstrate the actual causative organism. The appropriate medication for treatment is determined with the aid of an antibiogram.

Similar conditions:
Salmonellosis, Hexamitiasis, Coccidiosis.

Treatment:
Treatment with furazolidon-t should be commenced immediately upon appearance of the symptoms described. Once the results of the bacteriological examination and the antibiogram become available, a change of treatment may be necessary (e.g. to chloramphenicol-N or ampicillin-t).

E.coli infection - Treatment plan for the application of furazolidon-t

Duration of treatment Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4
Day 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28
Breeder’s check list                                                        
notwendig furazolidon-t drinking water or feed notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig                                              
hilfreich livimun® drinking water or feed hilfreich hilfreich hilfreich hilfreich                                                
hilfreich multivitamin EB12 drinking water                       hilfreich           hilfreich           hilfreich        
notwendig liviferm drinking water           notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig                                    
notwendig desinfectans disinfection notwendig       notwendig                                              

notwendig necessary treatment
hilfreich optional back-up treatment

E.coli infection - Table of requirements for the flock

Product and
duration of treatment
Dosage Total requirements for 100 pigeons
(entire treatment period)
notwendig furazolidon-t
5 days
½ sachet per litre
or
1 caps. per pigeon
and day
sachets
packages
capsules
packages
12 ½
2
500
5
hilfreich livimun®
4 days
20 ml per 2 litres
or
the daily feed ration
of 40 pigeons
ml

bottles
200

1
hilfreich multivitamin EB12
3 days
½ sachet per litre
or
2 caps. per pigeon
and day
sachets
packages
capsules
packages
7 ½
1
600
6
notwendig liviferm
5 days
½ sachet per litre
or
1 caps. per pigeon
and day
sachets
packages
capsules
packages
12 ½
2
500
5
chevita GmbH chevita - Requirement calculation: E.coli infection
How many pigeons are to be treated?

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