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A pigeon hold by its breeder. The pigeon’s left eye is severely damaged by the infection. It seems to be blind.

Severe unilateral inflammation of the entire eye which has become additionally infected with pusforming pathogens.

Pigeon with half-opened beak

Breathing with half-open beak: In ornithosis this is oberved if air sacs and lungs are affected.

Specific infectious diseases


Ornithosis


Ornithosis is an infectious disease that affects many bird species worldwide. It can also be transmitted to humans and other mammals. In Germany, ornithosis is a notifiable disease in pigeons.

Pathogen:
Chlamydia psittaci. Chlamydia are small, non-motile micro-organisms that invade cells parasitically. Infection occurs via inhalation of stirred-up dust containing the pathogen, uptake of faecally contaminated feed or water, or else billing or feeding of squabs.

Symptoms of the disease:
Ornithosis occurs in 2 forms:

Recognition of the disease:
The disease can be demonstrated in dead pigeons by microscopic examination of a smear or impression ("klatsch") preparation of spleen, liver, conjunctiva or air sac that has first been stained using the method according to Stamp. In live birds, the pathogen is demonstrated in faeces, via a sink dab from the cloaca, or alternatively by serological identification of specific antibodies.

Similar conditions:
Infectious catarrh, Salmonellosis, Paramyxovirus infection.

Treatment:
Flocks are treated with doxycyclin-t. In order to maintain effective blood levels, administration of doxycyclin-t must not be interrupted during the 25-day treatment period.

Notes:
Do not give the pigeons any feedstuffs containing calcium (e.g. grit) during treatment, since calcium binds doxycycline and thus reduces its efficacy.
No free flight for affected pigeons.
Remove bath water.

Ornithosis - Treatment plan for the application of doxycyclin-t

Duration of treatment Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4
Day 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28
Breeder’s check list                                                        
notwendig doxycyclin-t drinking water notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig      
hilfreich livimun® drinking water or feed hilfreich hilfreich hilfreich hilfreich       hilfreich hilfreich hilfreich hilfreich       hilfreich hilfreich hilfreich hilfreich       hilfreich hilfreich hilfreich        
notwendig liviferm drinking water                         notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig             notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig notwendig
notwendig desinfectans disinfection notwendig notwendig     notwendig     notwendig             notwendig             notwendig            

notwendig necessary treatment
hilfreich optional back-up treatment

Ornithosis - Table of requirements for the flock

Product and
duration of treatment
Dosage Total requirements for 100 pigeons
(entire treatment period)
notwendig doxycyclin-t
25 days
1 sachet per 2 litres
or
1 caps. per pigeon
and day
sachets
packages
capsules
packages
62 ½
6
2,500
25
hilfreich livimun®
15 days
20 ml per 2 litres
or
the daily feed ration
of 40 pigeons
ml

bottles
750

3
notwendig liviferm
10 days
1 sachet per 2 litres
or
1 caps. per pigeon
and day
sachets
packages
capsules
packages
25
3
1,000
10
chevita GmbH chevita - Requirement calculation: Ornithosis
How many pigeons are to be treated?

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